The electromagnetic wave action creates a large number of suspension and condensation in the water. When the water is heated, or the pressure (psi) decreases, the calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) plasma in the hard water is absorbed. This action is called crystal nucleation and creates a process that occurs in forming a crystal from the solution. This process begins with another form of calcium carbonate that has a very distinct characteristic to calcite. When the calcium carbonate precipitates as aragonite, it forms a non-adhering harmless insoluble crystal that is either consumed or carried through the system to the drain. This process prevents scaling by not adhering to the surface of plumbing, heaters, industrial coolers, or other equipment. The existing scale will gradually dissolve in the water.
Scale deposit forms when water becomes over saturated with calcium and must precipitate a percentage of this to maintain its saturation equilibrium. As calcium is an inverse soluble mineral, the hotter water gets the less calcium it can hold in solution. When it precipitates, it bonds with available carbon to form scale (also referred to as lime scale).
Another circumstance that can cause water to become over saturated with calcium occurs when water is released from being under pressure. Familiar examples of this include faucets and shower heads.
|Condenser Scale||Pyro conductivity|
|magnetic iron oxide||2.88|
|Scale Thickness||Heat-exchange rate||Heat loss percentage||Electricity Consumption percentage|
The Puroxi Aqua-Softener system effectively deals with scale problems physically and with no chemicals needed.
Blocked plumbing + scale and corrosion is equal to low energy exchange, low production output, increased energy consumptions and potential hazards.
Saturated ~ containing the maximum amount of a substance capable of being dissolved under given conditions.
Precipitate ~ to separate (a substance) in solid form from a solution.
Traditional methods accomplish this by using a water softener that uses a specially charged media which attracts calcium ions. Once the media becomes covered in calcium it must regenerate. It does this by flushing a concentrated salt brine through the media to clean the beads which is rejected down the drain (backwash).
Both products are effectively trying to achieve the same effect, under-saturating the water of calcium so the water does not need to precipitate it as scale.
Softeners achieve this by physically removing a percentage of calcium from the water through the previously described ion exchange system. The catalytic process directly treats calcium bonding it with carbon in a form that does not have the tendency to form scale.