Visit Us On FacebookVisit Us On TwitterVisit Us On PinterestVisit Us On LinkedinVisit Us On Youtube

Poultry

Video

No Comments
June 25  |  crops, Dairy, Farm, Farmers, food safety, Immune System, Livestock, Nutrition, Pork, Poultry, safe drinking water  |   Webmaster

We invite you to view our short 3 minute presentation to introduce you to Puroxi Pure Water Global Inc. ~ an international company recognized as a leader in Water Treatment for farms, crops, residential, municipal, commercial applications.

 

Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

FDA voluntary guidelines to restrict non-therapeutic use of antibiotics

Comments Off on FDA voluntary guidelines to restrict non-therapeutic use of antibiotics
July 13  |  antibiotics, Beef, Farm, Farmers, food safety, Immune System, Latest News, Livestock, Nutrition, Pork, Poultry, Research  |   Webmaster

In December, the FDA asked animal health companies to voluntarily stop using antibiotics to promote growth of meatier cows, pigs, and other livestock.  This is known as non-therapeutic use.

According to a recent report by the FDA, 25 sponsors confirmed in writing their intent to engage with FDA as defined in Guidance #213 and have given FDA consent to list their names in this update.  These 25 sponsors hold 99.6 percent of the applications affected by Guidance #213 and include subsidiaries of Bayer and Eli-Lilly.

Click here for a complete list of companies represented.

The guidelines are meant to thwart the growing problem of antibiotic resistance, which some scientists blame on antibiotics in the food supply. Drug-resistant bacteria strike 2 million Americans a year and cause 23,000 deaths, according to the CDC. The FDA has long been under fire for failing to keep a lid on antibiotic use in farm animals. In January, the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC) released a report containing evidence that the FDA’s scientists were aware of 18 farm antibiotics that posed a high risk of spawning antibiotic-resistant bacteria. 

However, critics claim that 89 percent of antibiotic drugs that the guidelines advise against using to speed growth can still be given to healthy animals for other reasons, such as disease prevention. They also contend that since the system is voluntary, it gives the pharamaceutical companies too much discretion and leeway in conducting their own policy and enforcement methods, especially on large factory farms, and with easily obtained OTC (over the counter) drugs.  Critics are demanding a complete ban on antibiotics/ antimicrobials for non-therapeutic use.

Following is a link to a recent Reuters News article which offers a well-balanced summary of this story.

Reuters U.S. Edition – March 27, 2014.
 

Tagged , , , , ,

Health Canada restricts antibiotics

Comments Off on Health Canada restricts antibiotics
July 13  |  antibiotics, Beef, Editorial, Farm, Farmers, food safety, Immune System, Opinion, Pork, Poultry, Press Release, Research  |   Webmaster

Health Canada restricts use of antibiotics for growth in livestock

In an effort to curb drug-resistant superbugs, Health Canada is restricting the use of antibiotics in livestock.

Producers will no longer be allowed to continuously feed animals low-level doses as a way to promote growth.

Dr. Trisha Dowling, a pharmacologist with the Western College of Veterinary Medicine, says penicillin and tetracycline have long been fed to livestock in order to reduce the workload of animals’ immune systems, thereby causing them to grow faster using less feed.

She says in many cases, products specifically marketed as growth-promotants are older drugs that have fallen out of use in humans as bacteria have developed resistance.

The rules do still allow in-feed antibiotics as a preventative measure against disease.

Dowling says that in many cases, the exception means business-as-usual for producers.

She says this was especially true in the poultry industry, where improved growth is essentially a side benefit for producers using the drugs to prevent infections that can wipe out whole barns if they get a foothold.

“If you don’t put (antibiotics) in the feed, and you wait until you get an outbreak of necrotic enteritis, you’ve got a lot of dead birds and you’ve lost a lot of money,” she said.

On the cattle side, Saskatchewan Cattlemen’s Association CEO Craig Douglas said most producers don’t feed antibiotics.

“Without singling out any other industry — it’s other sectors where that’s been more of a standard procedure,” he said.

Douglas said most ranchers only reach for the antibiotics when an animal is clearly unwell.

“They’re not medicating their animals unless their sick,” he said, adding that costs as high as $500 per animal tends to keep the use of injected antibiotics in check.

~ The Canadian Press – Friday, July 11, 2014

 

Tagged , , , ,

Press Release

Comments Off on Press Release
June 27  |  antibiotics, News, Poultry, Press Release  |   Webmaster

PRESS  RELEASE

For Immediate Release                                                  June 26, 2012

___________________________________________________________

Poultry Crisis in India

India – Poor Supply, Bad Weather Push up Chicken Prices                                                         

Scorching weather has affected poultry production, resulting in severe shortages and price increases over the past two months.

The wholesale price of live broiler chickens has increased from 50% to 100% over the past two months and the average quality and market weight of the birds has declined.  Mortality rates in excess of 50% have been reported, but demand shows no signs of declining.  In fact, with the muslim Eid festival approaching in two months, demand will spike dramatically.

The Poultry Federation of India (PFI) has been working in conjunction with the government of India to alleviate and resolve the severity of the situation. However, sources say that prices could only rise further in the coming days; a respite is expected only once the monsoon sets in and the temperature falls.

===========================================================

This is serious news indeed and the entire poultry industry is struggling to regain its stability.

One lucky broiler chicken operator, however, is beating the odds.  How?

He is using Oxy Blast!

Look at these amazing results, in comparison to the rest of the industry:

  • 150% increase in weight gain; 
  • 100% improvement in mortality rate
  • $30 daily savings in antibiotics    
  • 40% increase in net wholesale price 
  • 200% overall increase in sales & profits with less cost!

OXY BLAST WORKS!

____________________________________________________

For more details about this story or for more information about Oxy Blast, please visit www.oxyblast.org/movie or call 1-866-466-8252.  Additional dealerships are available in India and other international markets.

.

Tagged , , , , ,

Poultry News – India

Comments Off on Poultry News – India
June 25  |  Case Studies, Latest News, Poultry  |   Webmaster

Poultry News – India

Poultry and Chicken Prices Add to Summer Sorrows

 

Poor Supply, Bad Weather Push up Chicken Prices                                                        19 June 2012,  India Today

INDIA – Thanks to rising cost of chicken feed and the scorching weather, which are affecting poultry production, the price of broiler chicken in retail markets has gone up by about 40-50 per cent in the national Capital over the past two months

Poultry experts said it is due to the supply crunch from Haryana, Rajasthan and Punjab that the price has gone up. Traders at the Ghazipur-based chicken market claimed wholesale price of live broiler has increased from Rs.45-Rs.50 a kg to Rs.100-110 over the past two months. As a result, retail price of dressed chicken has gone up from Rs.120-Rs.140 per kg to Rs.180-Rs.190 a kg.

“Rising price of soy meal is one of the reasons, as it has led to higher cost of production. Poultry farmers have started feeling the pinch due to the rise in the price of chicken feed,” Ricky Thaper, former treasurer of the Poultry Federation of India (PFI), said.

However,Mr Thaper claimed the main reason is the prevailing high temperature which has further aggravated the situation. Another wholesale trader, said last month a lot of chicks died because of bad weather which has resulted in the sudden scarcity in Delhi and NCR areas. “Rise in temperature and humidity along with high power cost have contributed to the problem. Change in weather condition has raised prices.”

“The required temperature for poultry farming is between 24 and 30° Celsius. To maintain such a condition in the prevailing summer of 40°+ temperatures, farmers have to use fans, coolers and sprinklers. It increases power consumption leading to rise in the cost of poultry production,” he said.

The supply of chicken too has gone down by around 50 per cent in recent months. The searing summer heat has led to a sudden rise in chicken mortality rate, leading to reduced supply in the city. 

According to an estimate, the wholesale markets at Ghazipur and INA used to get around 200 trucks of chicken daily to cater to the demands of the city and NCR areas. But now the number has come down to almost half. Sources say that prices could only rise further in the coming days; a respite is expected only once the monsoon sets in and the temperature falls.

“Nowadays, we have been getting around 110-120 trucks. But the demand is showing no signs of coming down, rather, it has been increasing with the opening of new restaurants,” Mr Thaper added.

===========================================================

This is serious news indeed and the entire poultry industry is struggling to regain its stability.

One lucky broiler chicken operator, however, is beating the odds.  How?

He is using Oxy Blast!

Look at these amazing results, in comparison to the rest of the industry:

150% increase in weight gain;  100% improvement in mortality rate;  $30 daily savings in antibiotics;     40% increase in net wholesale price;  200% overall increase in sales & profits with less cost!

 OXY BLAST WORKS!

Tagged , , , , , , ,

Water Poultry and Oxy Blast

Comments Off on Water Poultry and Oxy Blast
June 24  |  antibiotics, Case Studies, Farm, Immune System, Latest News, Poultry  |   Webmaster

Water, Poultry, and Oxy Blast

 

Water is a critical nutrient that receives little attention until a problem arises. Not only should producers make an effort to provide water in adequate quantity, they should also know what is in the water that will be flowing through the water lines to be used in evaporative cooling systems and consumed by the birds.

 

Water Functions

Water is needed for bird consumption, reducing air temperature (including evaporative cooling pad and fogging systems) and facility sanitation. Broilers consume approximately 1.6 to 2.0 times as much water as feed on a weight basis. Water is a critical nutrient in bird metabolism and nutrition. From a physiology perspective, water consumed by the bird is used for nutrient transportation, enzymatic and chemical reactions in the body, body temperature regulation and lubrication of joints and organs.

There is a strong relationship between feed and water consumption, therefore, water can be used to monitor flock performance.

Environmental temperature/heat stress: Birds consume more water as temperature increases. One of the main ways birds regulate body temperature is by evaporating water through the respiratory system during panting. As birds pant, water is lost and needs to be replaced in order to maintain body-water balance. Water consumption can double and even triple during periods of heat stress. Water consumption in broilers increases approximately seven per cent for each degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature.

The correlation of water consumption with feed intake and many environmental factors indicate its importance in bird metabolism and body function. Efforts should be made in all poultry operations to ensure that adequate and unlimited access to water is provided. Failure to do so will result in reduced feed intake, poor egg production, reduced growth and reduced feed efficiency.

Water quality should be of concern to all poultry operations. Poor water quality may interfere with digestion and subsequent bird performance. The effectiveness of vaccines and medications administered through the water lines could be reduced when water quality is poor. Water contaminants could create equipment problems that would either restrict the amount of water available for consumption or the effectiveness of the evaporative cooling and fogging systems. Reduced water consumption or cooling capacity may have detrimental effects on both growth and reproduction. Poor water quality could also result in leaky water nipples inside the house, which will wet litter and lead to increased ammonia production. Poor litter quality and high ammonia can result in reduced performance and livability.


How can Oxy Blast help?

Please read on …

While our focus here is on poultry, remember that using a custom developed Oxy Blast protocol will deliver similar results with ALL species of livestock.  Many of you have seen very satisfying results already.

Using Oxy Blast products along with a customized protocol will result in:

 cleaner water, nipples not plugging up, lower death loss, better feed conversion, better weight gains, less leg and tendon problems, drier litter, increased water consumption, lowered medication cost, lower antibiotic use, improved daily gains, and a natural de-worming effect.

 And it all begins with an independent water report and analysis by our panel of experts!

The poultry industry in India, broiler chickens in particular, is experiencing a very stressful time.

We are getting reports of 50-60% mortality rates on some major farms due to the severity of hot weather!  The birds are getting over-heated, dehydrated, distressed, unable to feed efficiently, and are more prone to disease and infection.  Soaring temperatures, increase in disease & infestation, lack of adequate fresh water, higher costs for power & feed, all combine to create the “PERFECT STORM” for lower production and increased costs. Despite this, demand continues to increase 10-20% annually

As you will read in the attached news article, overall production is down by almost 50% and is still increasing, despite increased costs.  The farm operators cannot keep up and many are facing collapse.  It may take 4 months or more to recover. 

We have shared our success story with you already, but here are the latest details documented by our Dealer.

                                                     Industry average               Oxy Blast farm

  • average broiler weight                       0.7 kg                1.7 kg
  • mortality rate                                     50% +                 0. 5%
  • medication                                          $45/day             $15/day (OB)
  • increase in production                        -50%                +100%

Healthier birds, more than double the weight gain = double the sales & profits, with almost zero death loss, and still saving $30/day on antibiotics.  FANTASTIC!

If we can do it here, we can do it anywhere.  If we can do it with poultry, we can do it with dairy cows, beef cattle, sheep, goats, horses, etc., etc.

– Get the water report & analysis – Follow the recommended protocol

– Gaining happy, life-long customers, one at a time

Oxy Blast works!

Tagged , , , , ,

Oxy Blast follow up in India

Comments Off on Oxy Blast follow up in India
June 19  |  antibiotics, Farm, Immune System, Latest News, Poultry, Reports, Tests  |   Webmaster

Oxy Blast is revolutionizing India.  This just keeps getting better! 

I just got off the phone with our dealer in India with updated information.   No antibiotics have been used through this entire process.   The average cost for anitbiotics on this farm was $45.00 U.S. per day.  The complete Oxy Blast protocol has so far averaged only $15.00.

As of today we are down to .0003% mortality.  That is in just 7 Days – amazing!   And all at 1/3 of his previous cost using antibiotics and other hopeful solutions. The farmer is over-joyed and can’t wait to start our Oxy Blast protocol from the very beginning with the new batch of chicks arriving in a couple of days. 

Once word spreads, we will be inundated with requests from other chicken operations, especially with the Eid festival coming up soon, when the demand for chickens surges.  We will have to ramp up our dealership and distribution systems accordingly throughout all of India.

We’ll keep you updated 🙂

P.S.  How could you benefit from Oxy Blast ?

Tagged , , , ,

Another Success Story

Comments Off on Another Success Story
June 18  |  antibiotics, Case Studies, food safety, Immune System, Latest News, Poultry  |   Webmaster

Chicken Farm Success Story in India

I recently went to India to train and work with our new Dealership and spent 16 days meeting with many people in many farms, industries, government, municipalities, universities and processing plants over 16 days. 

One of the challenges that we always face, is that people don’t like having to spend money on water for farms, let alone having the trust and confidence to spend it with the right people.  At the end of my visit, I felt that there was a huge market in India and that we needed to show them how we can help them to accomplish better operations through their water. 

One of the first farms I visited was a broiler chicken farm.  This gentleman worked very hard to set up his farm for success.  He had two houses (chicken barns) full of 13,700 birds. When we met, he had just finished spending a large amount of money on antibiotics; apparently a regular occurrence. Even though his antibiotics were costing him a lot more than the Oxy Blast protocol that I suggested, he was hesitant to consider my alternatives.  The reason he was sceptical, is that he did not know what results he would actually see. He already knew what results to expect with his antibiotics, but he did not know what the Oxy Blast protocol would do. When you don’t know what to expect, anything seems too expensive, since you can’t put a value to it; it’s only natural.  

Despite his doubts, he still gave us the go ahead, but then retracted, because the Dealer gave him the price for his complete turn (42 days) and he thought that it was too expensive. I reminded him that we have qualified experts on staff, i.e. Veterinarians, Nutritionists, Water Physiologists, Filtration Experts and Farmers.  These are all seasoned professionals; just another major difference that sets us apart from other companies in our industry which adds further value to our product and service.  We are the experts at what we do.  When our customers follow our protocol, 99.9% of them keep buying the product and keep using it.

I did tell him what he “could see”; cleaner water and nipples not plugging up, lower death loss, better feed conversion, better weight gains, less leg and tendon problems, drier litter, increased water consumption, lowered medication cost, improved daily gains, and a natural de-worming effect. I know you are all waiting to find out what happened, so here it is.

On June 10th, my Indian Dealer and I talked about going back to this chicken farm and seeing if we can get the customer to try our product.  When he got there, the farm was 20 days into stress and the death loss was at 33 a day; it was over 5%, and at 33 a day, every day was going higher than 5%, because as the days passed, it was compounding. His birds were dying because of E-coli and Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD).

Day 1 June 11th – Death loss down by 1 bird, yes, I said 1 bird.   I got a call asking, “Are you sure this will work?”  Obviously the farmer and the new Dealer had doubts, while under stress.  We live in a fast-paced society and want something to work overnight; we want to see instant results. I told them that we cannot solve problems that have been there for over 20 days, in one night. I asked for 1 week to see if things turn around to their satisfaction. After 20 days, how deep do you think this infestation has gone and how much of a hold do you think it has on those chicks?

Day 2 June 12th – Death loss was down a little more (I cannot remember exactly what they said but it was not significant).  We talked a little more and kept with the stringent protocol. Also, I found out that the temperature was 42 C.  (wow, that is hot!), so we adjusted a couple of things to accommodate that.

Day 3 June 13th – Adjustments we made were starting to work. Death loss started to decrease in nice numbers; continued with the protocol.

Day 4 June 14th – Birds drinking more water, death loss down about 25%.  We are seeing definite results.  I called to speak with the Dealer who was with farmer.  The farmer is very happy, and the results are showing him that we know what we are doing. Birds are happier and he is on his way to having a recovery.  He asked how long to continue protocol and I said, “You are at 2.5% loss; we need to bring it down to 1% as soon as possible”.  The birds only have 18 days left and we need to get some weight on them to save the farmer from losses to his profits.

Day 6 June 16th –  Death loss is now down to 1.9%; which is fantastic in only 6 days, and the farmer is confident that it will continue to drop as time goes by.  In fact, he has commissioned the local Dealer to be in charge of ALL water and disinfecting protocols on his farm.  In 14 days, happy, healthy birds leave for the market with a happy, relieved farmer.  They then have only 3 days to clean up and prepare for the new batch of chicks to arrive.

The word got out about what we did on this farm. This brought phone calls from other farms and now we are hearing about death losses of 15-50% from farmers and operators who want to talk to us.  I developed a protocol for India suitable for every chicken house we go into. We are going to always assume the worst going in, so that we can be ahead of the potential problems. We have so many people calling the local Dealer that we are going to be on Skype every day now.

Now, we have done this on many farms with all different kinds of livestock and animals; helped them with their issues and ensure their success.  We have a good track record in all species as all our Dealers know.  We continue to help these farmers make more money and have a smoother running operation, especially since farming has taken a major blow in many parts of the world

A very big part of what I do is because I love helping people. I love it when someone can say thanks Zak you really helped us. That is such a good feeling; we hear it a lot and it is very gratifying.  What a great business we are all in!

 

Tagged , , , , ,

Importance of Water for Poultry

Comments Off on Importance of Water for Poultry
May 7  |  Case Studies, Farm, News, Newsletters, Poultry, Reports, Tests, Research  |   Webmaster

We have many articles and studies on our website about the importance of water for health; both for us humans, as well as for our animals and livestock.  All life forms depend on water; in fact, after air/oxygen, it is the single most important factor to sustain life!  You can survive 3 minutes without air, 3 days without water, and 3 weeks without food. So it only stands to reason that the quantity, and especially quality of water, should be taken seriously.

However, water is not only a key ingredient to sustain life, it is also an important nutrient to maintain key bodily functions and the immune system. It is a critical agent to:

  • help dissolve minerals and nutrients making them accessible to the body
  • carry these nutrients and oxygen to all of the cells in the body

  Water also serves the body in many other critical areas, including:

  • protecting the body’s tissues and organs
  • moistening tissues in mouth, eyes, and nose
  • regulating body temperature
  • lubricating joints
  • helping to flush out waste products through kidneys and liver

In addition to the important factors listed above, water also plays a key role in preventing disease, for all humans and animals.

Following is a recent report by scientists at the University of Georgia, focusing on poultry.

The importance of water

Factors affecting water consumption, water quality and management tips are reviewed by Brian D. Fairchild and Casey W. Ritz, Extension Poultry Scientists at the University of Georgia.

 

Water is a critical nutrient that receives little attention until a problem arises. Not only should producers make an effort to provide water in adequate quantity, they should also know what is in the water that will be flowing through the water lines to be used in evaporative cooling systems and consumed by the birds.

Water Functions

Water is needed for bird consumption, reducing air temperature (including evaporative cooling pad and fogging systems) and facility sanitation. Broilers consume approximately 1.6 to 2.0 times more water than feed on a weight basis. Water is a critical nutrient in bird metabolism and nutrition. From a physiology perspective, water consumed by the bird is used for nutrient transportation, enzymatic and chemical reactions in the body, body temperature regulation and lubrication of joints and organs.

There is a strong relationship between feed and water consumption, therefore, water can be used to monitor flock performance. Many of the electronic controllers in poultry houses have the ability to monitor daily water consumption and have inputs for multiple water meters. This would allow a water meter to be installed separately on the lines supplying water to the front and rear of the house. Bird uniformity between the front and back of the house can be monitored using water consumption. Water consumption will be greater in the area of the house that has more birds. When birds are not distributed evenly between the front and back of the house it increases the competition for feed and water space. This, combined with the extra heat from excessive numbers of birds, can reduce bird performance.

water poultry figure 1

Figure 1. Water consumption in a tunnel ventilated broiler house

Factors Affecting Water Consumption

There are several factors that affect water consumption:

Bird age: Water consumption increases with age but decreases as a percentage of body weight.

Environmental temperature/heat stress: Birds consume more water as temperature increases. One of the main ways birds regulate body temperature is by evaporating water through the respiratory system during panting. As birds pant, water is lost and needs to be replaced in order to maintain body-water balance. Water consumption can double and even triple during periods of heat stress. Water consumption in broilers increases approximately seven per cent for each degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature.

A study at the University of Georgia examined the relationship of feed consumption to water consumption of seven consecutive flocks on a commercial broiler farm. As temperatures increased, the water consumed per pound of feed consumed also increased (Table 1).

 water poultry table 1

Water temperature: Several studies have examined the effects of providing cool water to birds during hot weather. In most of these studies, water temperature has improved the performance of broilers and layers. Any water temperature below the body temperature of the bird will be beneficial. The water consumed will help dissipate body heat and aid the bird in body temperature regulation. However, it is very difficult to cool the water significantly when moving the water hundreds of feet down a house.

Electrolytes: During periods of potential heat stress, many producers supplement drinking water with electrolytes. Electrolytes are minerals that can be found in the blood and are important for normal cell function and growth. Electrolytes, as the name implies, help regulate nerve and muscle function by conducting electrical signals from nerves to muscles.

Electrolytes are also important for the acid-base balance of the blood and fluid retention. Some of the electrolytes found in blood plasma include sodium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), chlorine (Cl), bicarbonate (HCO3) and sulphate (SO4). The addition of the electrolytes not only replenishes those depleted during heat stress, but also stimulates water consumption. When the results of these are added together (electrolyte intake and increased water consumption), the mortality due to heat stress can be reduced.

Lighting programs: Light is another environmental factor that can influence bird water consumption. Birds will not drink if they are not eating and vice versa. During dark periods, the birds rest and as a result, they do not consume water. The exception is long dark periods. In dark periods exceeding eight hours, it is not unusual to see some water consumption register on the water meter. In operations that utilize lighting programs, two distinct water consumption peaks can be observed. The first peak is just after the lights come on (dawn) and the second is just prior to lights turning off (dusk).

The correlation of water consumption with feed intake and many environmental factors indicate its importance in bird metabolism and body function. Efforts should be made in all poultry operations to ensure that adequate and unlimited access to water is provided. Failure to do so will result in reduced feed intake, poor egg production, reduced growth and reduced feed efficiency.

water poultry figure 2

Figure 2. Lighting influences water consumption

Water Quality

While water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen molecules (H2O), it is a universal solvent and as a result can contain many minerals and compounds. The only sure way to get pure water is to use distillation or other treatment methods to remove dissolved minerals and compounds. This can be expensive considering the volume of water a typical broiler farm consisting of four or more houses would consume. Water treatment should be done based on the results of water quality analysis. While poultry drinking water does not have to be pure, heavily contaminated water is undesirable.

Water composition varies with geographical region as the nature of the geological makeup changes. Water contamination can occur if surface water drains into the well. All farms should submit water samples to a qualified laboratory for testing to establish a baseline for water quality. This will help producers determine if and what water treatment might be warranted.

Water quality should be of concern to all poultry operations. Poor water quality may interfere with digestion and subsequent bird performance. The effectiveness of vaccines and medications administered through the water lines could be reduced when water quality is poor. Water contaminants could create equipment problems that would either restrict the amount of water available for consumption or the effectiveness of the evaporative cooling and fogging systems. Reduced water consumption or cooling capacity may have detrimental effects on both growth and reproduction. Poor water quality could also result in leaky water nipples inside the house, which will wet litter and lead to increased ammonia production. Poor litter quality and high ammonia can result in reduced performance and livability.

Standards for water quality should include factors that affect taste, solid buildup within water systems and toxicity. Factors that should be observed for poultry production include, but are not limited to those listed in Tables 2 and 3.

water poultry table 2

Many of the water quality standards for poultry drinking water were originally developed from those for human drinking water. Few of the standards recommended today are based on research utilizing broiler or layers.

Recently, a series of studies has been conducted examining the effects of iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), nitrates (NO3) and pH levels in drinking water on poultry performance. The results of these studies have found that very high levels of Fe, Mn and NO3 do not impact broiler health. In those studies no differences in performance were noted due to 600ppm of Fe, 600ppm of NO3 and 20ppm of Mn.

It should be noted that the water lines were thoroughly flushed between studies and that particulates that result from high Fe and Mn levels can lead to equipment problems such as leaky nipples and clogged fogging nozzles. Broiler performance is more likely to be affected by improper equipment function rather than bird health due to high concentrations of these substances. Poor water quality can lead to increased microbial growth (such as iron bacteria) and biofilm build-up.

water poultry table 3 Water Management Tips

Conduct water tests

Each farm should have its well water tested. Water quality can change during periods of heavy rain or drought and additional water tests during these periods will ensure that water lines continue to deliver adequate water volume for both the birds and the cooling systems. County agents can provide more information on the tests available, provide information on fees for testing and submit samples to the Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratory at the University of Georgia.

Change filters regularly

Sediment and other particulates can cause leaky water nipples that can have negative effects on litter quality. Clogged filters restrict water flow to the drinker and cooling systems. In some cases, simple cartridge filters may not be adequate, such as for water with high iron. In those cases, other water treatments will need to be considered.

Flush water lines regularly

A high–pressure flush should be performed on water lines between each flock and after adding supplements through the medicator, e.g. vaccines, medications, vitamins, electrolytes, etc.

Plan ahead before treating water

Before implementing water treatment or sanitation programs, consult your county agent to ensure that contaminants in your water will not react negatively and cause the water system to become clogged.

References

Batal, A.B., B.D. Fairchild, C.W. Ritz and P.F. Vendrell, 2005. The effect of water manganese on broiler growth performance. Poultry Sci. 84 (Suppl. 1.).

Bell, D.B., 2002. Consumption and quality of water. In: Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. D.D. Bell and W.D. Weaver, eds. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA. p411-430.

Carter, T.A. and R.E. Sneed, 1987. Drinking water quality for poultry. PS&T Guide No. 42, Extension Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.

Dozier, D.A., M. Czarick, M.P. Lacy, and B.D. Fairchild, 2002. Monitoring water consumption on commercial broiler farms: Evaluation tool to assess flock performance. Poultry Sci. 80:154 (Suppl. 1.).

Fairchild, B.D., A.B. Batal, C.W. Ritz and P.F. Vendrell, 2006. Effect of drinking water iron concentration on broiler performance. J. Appl. Poultry Res. 15:511-517.

May, J.D., B.D. Lott and J.D. Simmons, 1997. Water consumption by broilers in high cyclic temperatures: Bell versus nipple waterers. Poultry Sci. 76:944-947.

Pesti, G.M., S.V. Amato and L.R. Minear, 1985. Water consumption of broiler chickens under commercial conditions. Poultry Sci. 64:803-808.

Schwartz, D.L. Water Quality. VSE, 81c., Penn. State Univ. (mimeographed)

Waggoner, R., R. Good and R. Good, 1984. Water Quality and Poultry Performance. Proceedings AVMA Annual Conference, July.

For more information about water quality studies, reports, resources, and solutions, please contact us or your local OxyBlast dealer:  CONTACT PAGE


Tagged , , , , , ,

Veterinary Group Reaffirms Support for Antibiotics Use

Comments Off on Veterinary Group Reaffirms Support for Antibiotics Use
April 23  |  antibiotics, Beef, Dairy, Editorial, Farm, food safety, Immune System, Latest News, Livestock, Nutrition, Pork, Poultry, Research  |   Webmaster

While there are many sides and opinions to this ongoing debate, we are in full agreement with the following article. As stated in the AVMA statement, it  supports the prudent use of antibiotics: “The judicious use of antimicrobials plays a key role in preserving the health of our nation’s food animals and the safety of our nation’s food supply. Many agree that there is a need for greater veterinary oversight of antimicrobial use in food-producing animals, and the AVMA is currently working with the FDA to develop practical means to increase this veterinary oversight.” 

In other words, prudent use of antibiotics and other microbial products, should be made only when necessary, and not indiscriminately in feeds or in any other attempt to prevent illness and disease.  As medically and scientifically proven, the over-exposure to antibiotics eventually increases our resistance to them, thus diminishing their effectiveness and leaving us even more susceptible to infection and disease.  The key here is the definition of “productive uses” and the need for more direct involvement of the AVMA in advising and regulating the use of antibiotics and antimicrobials.

As mentioned in previous posts, any wide-encompassing and long-term policies should be “based on solid science and risk-based assessment, and not on anecdotal reports and speculation.” (sic)  (as evidenced by the recent uproar of LFTB).

Following is the full text of the statement by the American Veterinary Medical Association …

The American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) reaffirmed its support of the responsible use of antibiotics in food animals after a federal court ruling demanded that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) start proceedings to withdraw approval of certain uses of antibiotics used in food production.

United States Magistrate Judge Theodore H. Katz ruled March 22 that the FDA must start proceedings to withdraw approval of what the FDA currently refers to as “production uses” of penicillins and tetracyclines in food-producing animals. As part of the withdrawal process, manufacturers of the products can request hearings to allow them to provide scientific evidence that the production use of antimicrobial products does not pose a threat to public health.

“The AVMA acknowledges the growing concern regarding antimicrobial use and resistance in animals and people, and supports the judicious use of antimicrobials to maximize public and animal health benefits while minimizing risks,” says AVMA Chief Executive Officer Ron DeHaven. “The judicious use of antimicrobials plays a key role in preserving the health of our nation’s food animals and the safety of our nation’s food supply. Many agree that there is a need for greater veterinary oversight of antimicrobial use in food-producing animals, and the AVMA is currently working with the FDA to develop practical means to increase this veterinary oversight.”

DeHaven cautions, however, that any decision to withdraw approval or ban any antimicrobial uses should be based on solid science and risk-based assessment, and not on anecdotal reports and speculation.

“It is crucial that safe and effective antimicrobials remain available for use in veterinary medicine to ensure the health and welfare of animals and, consequently, the health of humans,” DeHaven says. “The AVMA will continue to work closely with the FDA to formulate a sound, science-based strategy to deal with this complex issue.”

The AVMA, founded in 1863, is one of the oldest and largest veterinary medical organizations in the world, with more than 82,500 member veterinarians worldwide engaged in a wide variety of professional activities. For more information about the AVMA, visit www.avma.org.


Tagged , , , , , ,
Scroll Up
error: Sorry, right click copy feature has been disabled.