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Case Studies – Page 2 – PUROXI Water Treatment

Case Studies

How Safe Is Your Water?

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August 30  |  Case Studies, Editorial, Latest News, safe drinking water  |   Webmaster

The ongoing urban sprawl reaching further into former rural areas is a growing concern for water safety and security.  Run-off from farms, industry, tainted wells – and even cemeteries! – can result in unsafe levels of all kinds of contaminants, toxins, and carcinogens.

The most recent news item is about Simcoe, Ontario, who is facing an iminent crisis.  Link to the story is below, as well as for other news reports with similar concerns.  We have also included links to news about what steps some municipalities and regions are taking to ensure their water security and an ongoing supply of safe drinking water.

http://www.brantfordexpositor.ca/2012/08/28/simcoes-drinking-water-at-risk-due-to-nitrate-levels

http://www.ottawacitizen.com/health/Fracking+poses+risk+water+systems+research+suggests/7049011/story.html

http://www.enterprisenews.com/news/x186673917/Bishop-s-Landing-residents-want-Stoughton-to-pick-up-tab-for-water

http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience/2012/07/2012-0823-perchloroethylene-in-water-color-blind

http://www.bayshorebroadcasting.ca/news_item.php?NewsID=49776

http://www.cottagecountrynow.ca/news/article/1485511–district-steps-toward-program-for-source-water-protection

 

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Alternative to Antibiotics

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June 30  |  antibiotics, Case Studies, Dairy, Farm, food safety, Livestock, News, Nutrition  |   Webmaster

In an ongoing effort to reduce the dependence and amount of antibiotics used in farming, USDA scientists at College Station, TX have discovered that providing sodium chlorate in the drinking water or feed of livestock will reduce the intestinal concentrations of bacteria harmful to humans.

You can read a summary of the report here:  http://www.foodsafetynews.com/2012/06/usda-makes-progress-on-alternatives-to-antibiotics/

 

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Antibiotic Farm Use

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June 30  |  antibiotics, Case Studies, Editorial, Farm, food safety, Immune System, Livestock, News, Nutrition, safe drinking water  |   Webmaster

The use and/or overuse of antibiotics on farms continues to generate controversy.  While opposite sides continue to argue their respective positions, we feel that it’s important to maintain a level-headed position and research and examine all of the facts. 

Without a doubt, antibiotics have improved the quality of life for all of us, including our livestock and food sources.   Can you imagine a world without anitbiotics?  Scary indeed!

We strongly agree with the agricultural community that a responsible antibiotic regimen is essential to maintaining a safe, healthy and efficient operation.  However, it’s also common knowledge that antibiotic use has surged during the past decade, which has many experts worried that we are creating a dangerous level of resistance to bacteria and viruses.

The prestigious journal Nature this week called for reining in the use of antibiotics in agriculture, adding to the growing chorus of scientists and public health advocates seeking reforms.  The editorial noted that the overuse of antibiotics in livestock raising is a global issue, in part because pathogens do not respect international borders — “As long as any one country pumps its pigs and poultry full of drugs, everyone is at risk.”

Following are links to the report and comments.

http://www.foodsafetynews.com/2012/06/journal-nature-farmers-should-rein-in-antibiotic-use-worldwide/

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v486/n7404/full/486440a.html

While the debate rages on, and various special interest groups lobby all levels of government, please don’t blame the farmers! They are all working hard to ensure that we all have safe, healthy food to feed our families, and also incurring a lot of extra expense in doing so. 

We would like to remind you that one of the many benefits of using our Oxy Blast products is the reduced dependency on antibiotics.  Why?  Because they help antibiotics work more effectively and efficiently!  This has proven to be an economical option for many of our clients.

We invite you to watch our short movie presentation at www.oxyblast.org/movie, introducing our products and services.

 

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Poultry News – India

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June 25  |  Case Studies, Latest News, Poultry  |   Webmaster

Poultry News – India

Poultry and Chicken Prices Add to Summer Sorrows

 

Poor Supply, Bad Weather Push up Chicken Prices                                                        19 June 2012,  India Today

INDIA – Thanks to rising cost of chicken feed and the scorching weather, which are affecting poultry production, the price of broiler chicken in retail markets has gone up by about 40-50 per cent in the national Capital over the past two months

Poultry experts said it is due to the supply crunch from Haryana, Rajasthan and Punjab that the price has gone up. Traders at the Ghazipur-based chicken market claimed wholesale price of live broiler has increased from Rs.45-Rs.50 a kg to Rs.100-110 over the past two months. As a result, retail price of dressed chicken has gone up from Rs.120-Rs.140 per kg to Rs.180-Rs.190 a kg.

“Rising price of soy meal is one of the reasons, as it has led to higher cost of production. Poultry farmers have started feeling the pinch due to the rise in the price of chicken feed,” Ricky Thaper, former treasurer of the Poultry Federation of India (PFI), said.

However,Mr Thaper claimed the main reason is the prevailing high temperature which has further aggravated the situation. Another wholesale trader, said last month a lot of chicks died because of bad weather which has resulted in the sudden scarcity in Delhi and NCR areas. “Rise in temperature and humidity along with high power cost have contributed to the problem. Change in weather condition has raised prices.”

“The required temperature for poultry farming is between 24 and 30° Celsius. To maintain such a condition in the prevailing summer of 40°+ temperatures, farmers have to use fans, coolers and sprinklers. It increases power consumption leading to rise in the cost of poultry production,” he said.

The supply of chicken too has gone down by around 50 per cent in recent months. The searing summer heat has led to a sudden rise in chicken mortality rate, leading to reduced supply in the city. 

According to an estimate, the wholesale markets at Ghazipur and INA used to get around 200 trucks of chicken daily to cater to the demands of the city and NCR areas. But now the number has come down to almost half. Sources say that prices could only rise further in the coming days; a respite is expected only once the monsoon sets in and the temperature falls.

“Nowadays, we have been getting around 110-120 trucks. But the demand is showing no signs of coming down, rather, it has been increasing with the opening of new restaurants,” Mr Thaper added.

===========================================================

This is serious news indeed and the entire poultry industry is struggling to regain its stability.

One lucky broiler chicken operator, however, is beating the odds.  How?

He is using Oxy Blast!

Look at these amazing results, in comparison to the rest of the industry:

150% increase in weight gain;  100% improvement in mortality rate;  $30 daily savings in antibiotics;     40% increase in net wholesale price;  200% overall increase in sales & profits with less cost!

 OXY BLAST WORKS!

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Water Poultry and Oxy Blast

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June 24  |  antibiotics, Case Studies, Farm, Immune System, Latest News, Poultry  |   Webmaster

Water, Poultry, and Oxy Blast

 

Water is a critical nutrient that receives little attention until a problem arises. Not only should producers make an effort to provide water in adequate quantity, they should also know what is in the water that will be flowing through the water lines to be used in evaporative cooling systems and consumed by the birds.

 

Water Functions

Water is needed for bird consumption, reducing air temperature (including evaporative cooling pad and fogging systems) and facility sanitation. Broilers consume approximately 1.6 to 2.0 times as much water as feed on a weight basis. Water is a critical nutrient in bird metabolism and nutrition. From a physiology perspective, water consumed by the bird is used for nutrient transportation, enzymatic and chemical reactions in the body, body temperature regulation and lubrication of joints and organs.

There is a strong relationship between feed and water consumption, therefore, water can be used to monitor flock performance.

Environmental temperature/heat stress: Birds consume more water as temperature increases. One of the main ways birds regulate body temperature is by evaporating water through the respiratory system during panting. As birds pant, water is lost and needs to be replaced in order to maintain body-water balance. Water consumption can double and even triple during periods of heat stress. Water consumption in broilers increases approximately seven per cent for each degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature.

The correlation of water consumption with feed intake and many environmental factors indicate its importance in bird metabolism and body function. Efforts should be made in all poultry operations to ensure that adequate and unlimited access to water is provided. Failure to do so will result in reduced feed intake, poor egg production, reduced growth and reduced feed efficiency.

Water quality should be of concern to all poultry operations. Poor water quality may interfere with digestion and subsequent bird performance. The effectiveness of vaccines and medications administered through the water lines could be reduced when water quality is poor. Water contaminants could create equipment problems that would either restrict the amount of water available for consumption or the effectiveness of the evaporative cooling and fogging systems. Reduced water consumption or cooling capacity may have detrimental effects on both growth and reproduction. Poor water quality could also result in leaky water nipples inside the house, which will wet litter and lead to increased ammonia production. Poor litter quality and high ammonia can result in reduced performance and livability.


How can Oxy Blast help?

Please read on …

While our focus here is on poultry, remember that using a custom developed Oxy Blast protocol will deliver similar results with ALL species of livestock.  Many of you have seen very satisfying results already.

Using Oxy Blast products along with a customized protocol will result in:

 cleaner water, nipples not plugging up, lower death loss, better feed conversion, better weight gains, less leg and tendon problems, drier litter, increased water consumption, lowered medication cost, lower antibiotic use, improved daily gains, and a natural de-worming effect.

 And it all begins with an independent water report and analysis by our panel of experts!

The poultry industry in India, broiler chickens in particular, is experiencing a very stressful time.

We are getting reports of 50-60% mortality rates on some major farms due to the severity of hot weather!  The birds are getting over-heated, dehydrated, distressed, unable to feed efficiently, and are more prone to disease and infection.  Soaring temperatures, increase in disease & infestation, lack of adequate fresh water, higher costs for power & feed, all combine to create the “PERFECT STORM” for lower production and increased costs. Despite this, demand continues to increase 10-20% annually

As you will read in the attached news article, overall production is down by almost 50% and is still increasing, despite increased costs.  The farm operators cannot keep up and many are facing collapse.  It may take 4 months or more to recover. 

We have shared our success story with you already, but here are the latest details documented by our Dealer.

                                                     Industry average               Oxy Blast farm

  • average broiler weight                       0.7 kg                1.7 kg
  • mortality rate                                     50% +                 0. 5%
  • medication                                          $45/day             $15/day (OB)
  • increase in production                        -50%                +100%

Healthier birds, more than double the weight gain = double the sales & profits, with almost zero death loss, and still saving $30/day on antibiotics.  FANTASTIC!

If we can do it here, we can do it anywhere.  If we can do it with poultry, we can do it with dairy cows, beef cattle, sheep, goats, horses, etc., etc.

– Get the water report & analysis – Follow the recommended protocol

– Gaining happy, life-long customers, one at a time

Oxy Blast works!

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Another Success Story

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June 18  |  antibiotics, Case Studies, food safety, Immune System, Latest News, Poultry  |   Webmaster

Chicken Farm Success Story in India

I recently went to India to train and work with our new Dealership and spent 16 days meeting with many people in many farms, industries, government, municipalities, universities and processing plants over 16 days. 

One of the challenges that we always face, is that people don’t like having to spend money on water for farms, let alone having the trust and confidence to spend it with the right people.  At the end of my visit, I felt that there was a huge market in India and that we needed to show them how we can help them to accomplish better operations through their water. 

One of the first farms I visited was a broiler chicken farm.  This gentleman worked very hard to set up his farm for success.  He had two houses (chicken barns) full of 13,700 birds. When we met, he had just finished spending a large amount of money on antibiotics; apparently a regular occurrence. Even though his antibiotics were costing him a lot more than the Oxy Blast protocol that I suggested, he was hesitant to consider my alternatives.  The reason he was sceptical, is that he did not know what results he would actually see. He already knew what results to expect with his antibiotics, but he did not know what the Oxy Blast protocol would do. When you don’t know what to expect, anything seems too expensive, since you can’t put a value to it; it’s only natural.  

Despite his doubts, he still gave us the go ahead, but then retracted, because the Dealer gave him the price for his complete turn (42 days) and he thought that it was too expensive. I reminded him that we have qualified experts on staff, i.e. Veterinarians, Nutritionists, Water Physiologists, Filtration Experts and Farmers.  These are all seasoned professionals; just another major difference that sets us apart from other companies in our industry which adds further value to our product and service.  We are the experts at what we do.  When our customers follow our protocol, 99.9% of them keep buying the product and keep using it.

I did tell him what he “could see”; cleaner water and nipples not plugging up, lower death loss, better feed conversion, better weight gains, less leg and tendon problems, drier litter, increased water consumption, lowered medication cost, improved daily gains, and a natural de-worming effect. I know you are all waiting to find out what happened, so here it is.

On June 10th, my Indian Dealer and I talked about going back to this chicken farm and seeing if we can get the customer to try our product.  When he got there, the farm was 20 days into stress and the death loss was at 33 a day; it was over 5%, and at 33 a day, every day was going higher than 5%, because as the days passed, it was compounding. His birds were dying because of E-coli and Chronic Respiratory Disease (CRD).

Day 1 June 11th – Death loss down by 1 bird, yes, I said 1 bird.   I got a call asking, “Are you sure this will work?”  Obviously the farmer and the new Dealer had doubts, while under stress.  We live in a fast-paced society and want something to work overnight; we want to see instant results. I told them that we cannot solve problems that have been there for over 20 days, in one night. I asked for 1 week to see if things turn around to their satisfaction. After 20 days, how deep do you think this infestation has gone and how much of a hold do you think it has on those chicks?

Day 2 June 12th – Death loss was down a little more (I cannot remember exactly what they said but it was not significant).  We talked a little more and kept with the stringent protocol. Also, I found out that the temperature was 42 C.  (wow, that is hot!), so we adjusted a couple of things to accommodate that.

Day 3 June 13th – Adjustments we made were starting to work. Death loss started to decrease in nice numbers; continued with the protocol.

Day 4 June 14th – Birds drinking more water, death loss down about 25%.  We are seeing definite results.  I called to speak with the Dealer who was with farmer.  The farmer is very happy, and the results are showing him that we know what we are doing. Birds are happier and he is on his way to having a recovery.  He asked how long to continue protocol and I said, “You are at 2.5% loss; we need to bring it down to 1% as soon as possible”.  The birds only have 18 days left and we need to get some weight on them to save the farmer from losses to his profits.

Day 6 June 16th –  Death loss is now down to 1.9%; which is fantastic in only 6 days, and the farmer is confident that it will continue to drop as time goes by.  In fact, he has commissioned the local Dealer to be in charge of ALL water and disinfecting protocols on his farm.  In 14 days, happy, healthy birds leave for the market with a happy, relieved farmer.  They then have only 3 days to clean up and prepare for the new batch of chicks to arrive.

The word got out about what we did on this farm. This brought phone calls from other farms and now we are hearing about death losses of 15-50% from farmers and operators who want to talk to us.  I developed a protocol for India suitable for every chicken house we go into. We are going to always assume the worst going in, so that we can be ahead of the potential problems. We have so many people calling the local Dealer that we are going to be on Skype every day now.

Now, we have done this on many farms with all different kinds of livestock and animals; helped them with their issues and ensure their success.  We have a good track record in all species as all our Dealers know.  We continue to help these farmers make more money and have a smoother running operation, especially since farming has taken a major blow in many parts of the world

A very big part of what I do is because I love helping people. I love it when someone can say thanks Zak you really helped us. That is such a good feeling; we hear it a lot and it is very gratifying.  What a great business we are all in!

 

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Importance of Water for Poultry

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May 7  |  Case Studies, Farm, News, Newsletters, Poultry, Reports, Tests, Research  |   Webmaster

We have many articles and studies on our website about the importance of water for health; both for us humans, as well as for our animals and livestock.  All life forms depend on water; in fact, after air/oxygen, it is the single most important factor to sustain life!  You can survive 3 minutes without air, 3 days without water, and 3 weeks without food. So it only stands to reason that the quantity, and especially quality of water, should be taken seriously.

However, water is not only a key ingredient to sustain life, it is also an important nutrient to maintain key bodily functions and the immune system. It is a critical agent to:

  • help dissolve minerals and nutrients making them accessible to the body
  • carry these nutrients and oxygen to all of the cells in the body

  Water also serves the body in many other critical areas, including:

  • protecting the body’s tissues and organs
  • moistening tissues in mouth, eyes, and nose
  • regulating body temperature
  • lubricating joints
  • helping to flush out waste products through kidneys and liver

In addition to the important factors listed above, water also plays a key role in preventing disease, for all humans and animals.

Following is a recent report by scientists at the University of Georgia, focusing on poultry.

The importance of water

Factors affecting water consumption, water quality and management tips are reviewed by Brian D. Fairchild and Casey W. Ritz, Extension Poultry Scientists at the University of Georgia.

 

Water is a critical nutrient that receives little attention until a problem arises. Not only should producers make an effort to provide water in adequate quantity, they should also know what is in the water that will be flowing through the water lines to be used in evaporative cooling systems and consumed by the birds.

Water Functions

Water is needed for bird consumption, reducing air temperature (including evaporative cooling pad and fogging systems) and facility sanitation. Broilers consume approximately 1.6 to 2.0 times more water than feed on a weight basis. Water is a critical nutrient in bird metabolism and nutrition. From a physiology perspective, water consumed by the bird is used for nutrient transportation, enzymatic and chemical reactions in the body, body temperature regulation and lubrication of joints and organs.

There is a strong relationship between feed and water consumption, therefore, water can be used to monitor flock performance. Many of the electronic controllers in poultry houses have the ability to monitor daily water consumption and have inputs for multiple water meters. This would allow a water meter to be installed separately on the lines supplying water to the front and rear of the house. Bird uniformity between the front and back of the house can be monitored using water consumption. Water consumption will be greater in the area of the house that has more birds. When birds are not distributed evenly between the front and back of the house it increases the competition for feed and water space. This, combined with the extra heat from excessive numbers of birds, can reduce bird performance.

water poultry figure 1

Figure 1. Water consumption in a tunnel ventilated broiler house

Factors Affecting Water Consumption

There are several factors that affect water consumption:

Bird age: Water consumption increases with age but decreases as a percentage of body weight.

Environmental temperature/heat stress: Birds consume more water as temperature increases. One of the main ways birds regulate body temperature is by evaporating water through the respiratory system during panting. As birds pant, water is lost and needs to be replaced in order to maintain body-water balance. Water consumption can double and even triple during periods of heat stress. Water consumption in broilers increases approximately seven per cent for each degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature.

A study at the University of Georgia examined the relationship of feed consumption to water consumption of seven consecutive flocks on a commercial broiler farm. As temperatures increased, the water consumed per pound of feed consumed also increased (Table 1).

 water poultry table 1

Water temperature: Several studies have examined the effects of providing cool water to birds during hot weather. In most of these studies, water temperature has improved the performance of broilers and layers. Any water temperature below the body temperature of the bird will be beneficial. The water consumed will help dissipate body heat and aid the bird in body temperature regulation. However, it is very difficult to cool the water significantly when moving the water hundreds of feet down a house.

Electrolytes: During periods of potential heat stress, many producers supplement drinking water with electrolytes. Electrolytes are minerals that can be found in the blood and are important for normal cell function and growth. Electrolytes, as the name implies, help regulate nerve and muscle function by conducting electrical signals from nerves to muscles.

Electrolytes are also important for the acid-base balance of the blood and fluid retention. Some of the electrolytes found in blood plasma include sodium (Na), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), chlorine (Cl), bicarbonate (HCO3) and sulphate (SO4). The addition of the electrolytes not only replenishes those depleted during heat stress, but also stimulates water consumption. When the results of these are added together (electrolyte intake and increased water consumption), the mortality due to heat stress can be reduced.

Lighting programs: Light is another environmental factor that can influence bird water consumption. Birds will not drink if they are not eating and vice versa. During dark periods, the birds rest and as a result, they do not consume water. The exception is long dark periods. In dark periods exceeding eight hours, it is not unusual to see some water consumption register on the water meter. In operations that utilize lighting programs, two distinct water consumption peaks can be observed. The first peak is just after the lights come on (dawn) and the second is just prior to lights turning off (dusk).

The correlation of water consumption with feed intake and many environmental factors indicate its importance in bird metabolism and body function. Efforts should be made in all poultry operations to ensure that adequate and unlimited access to water is provided. Failure to do so will result in reduced feed intake, poor egg production, reduced growth and reduced feed efficiency.

water poultry figure 2

Figure 2. Lighting influences water consumption

Water Quality

While water is composed of hydrogen and oxygen molecules (H2O), it is a universal solvent and as a result can contain many minerals and compounds. The only sure way to get pure water is to use distillation or other treatment methods to remove dissolved minerals and compounds. This can be expensive considering the volume of water a typical broiler farm consisting of four or more houses would consume. Water treatment should be done based on the results of water quality analysis. While poultry drinking water does not have to be pure, heavily contaminated water is undesirable.

Water composition varies with geographical region as the nature of the geological makeup changes. Water contamination can occur if surface water drains into the well. All farms should submit water samples to a qualified laboratory for testing to establish a baseline for water quality. This will help producers determine if and what water treatment might be warranted.

Water quality should be of concern to all poultry operations. Poor water quality may interfere with digestion and subsequent bird performance. The effectiveness of vaccines and medications administered through the water lines could be reduced when water quality is poor. Water contaminants could create equipment problems that would either restrict the amount of water available for consumption or the effectiveness of the evaporative cooling and fogging systems. Reduced water consumption or cooling capacity may have detrimental effects on both growth and reproduction. Poor water quality could also result in leaky water nipples inside the house, which will wet litter and lead to increased ammonia production. Poor litter quality and high ammonia can result in reduced performance and livability.

Standards for water quality should include factors that affect taste, solid buildup within water systems and toxicity. Factors that should be observed for poultry production include, but are not limited to those listed in Tables 2 and 3.

water poultry table 2

Many of the water quality standards for poultry drinking water were originally developed from those for human drinking water. Few of the standards recommended today are based on research utilizing broiler or layers.

Recently, a series of studies has been conducted examining the effects of iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), nitrates (NO3) and pH levels in drinking water on poultry performance. The results of these studies have found that very high levels of Fe, Mn and NO3 do not impact broiler health. In those studies no differences in performance were noted due to 600ppm of Fe, 600ppm of NO3 and 20ppm of Mn.

It should be noted that the water lines were thoroughly flushed between studies and that particulates that result from high Fe and Mn levels can lead to equipment problems such as leaky nipples and clogged fogging nozzles. Broiler performance is more likely to be affected by improper equipment function rather than bird health due to high concentrations of these substances. Poor water quality can lead to increased microbial growth (such as iron bacteria) and biofilm build-up.

water poultry table 3 Water Management Tips

Conduct water tests

Each farm should have its well water tested. Water quality can change during periods of heavy rain or drought and additional water tests during these periods will ensure that water lines continue to deliver adequate water volume for both the birds and the cooling systems. County agents can provide more information on the tests available, provide information on fees for testing and submit samples to the Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratory at the University of Georgia.

Change filters regularly

Sediment and other particulates can cause leaky water nipples that can have negative effects on litter quality. Clogged filters restrict water flow to the drinker and cooling systems. In some cases, simple cartridge filters may not be adequate, such as for water with high iron. In those cases, other water treatments will need to be considered.

Flush water lines regularly

A high–pressure flush should be performed on water lines between each flock and after adding supplements through the medicator, e.g. vaccines, medications, vitamins, electrolytes, etc.

Plan ahead before treating water

Before implementing water treatment or sanitation programs, consult your county agent to ensure that contaminants in your water will not react negatively and cause the water system to become clogged.

References

Batal, A.B., B.D. Fairchild, C.W. Ritz and P.F. Vendrell, 2005. The effect of water manganese on broiler growth performance. Poultry Sci. 84 (Suppl. 1.).

Bell, D.B., 2002. Consumption and quality of water. In: Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. D.D. Bell and W.D. Weaver, eds. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA. p411-430.

Carter, T.A. and R.E. Sneed, 1987. Drinking water quality for poultry. PS&T Guide No. 42, Extension Poultry Science, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.

Dozier, D.A., M. Czarick, M.P. Lacy, and B.D. Fairchild, 2002. Monitoring water consumption on commercial broiler farms: Evaluation tool to assess flock performance. Poultry Sci. 80:154 (Suppl. 1.).

Fairchild, B.D., A.B. Batal, C.W. Ritz and P.F. Vendrell, 2006. Effect of drinking water iron concentration on broiler performance. J. Appl. Poultry Res. 15:511-517.

May, J.D., B.D. Lott and J.D. Simmons, 1997. Water consumption by broilers in high cyclic temperatures: Bell versus nipple waterers. Poultry Sci. 76:944-947.

Pesti, G.M., S.V. Amato and L.R. Minear, 1985. Water consumption of broiler chickens under commercial conditions. Poultry Sci. 64:803-808.

Schwartz, D.L. Water Quality. VSE, 81c., Penn. State Univ. (mimeographed)

Waggoner, R., R. Good and R. Good, 1984. Water Quality and Poultry Performance. Proceedings AVMA Annual Conference, July.

For more information about water quality studies, reports, resources, and solutions, please contact us or your local OxyBlast dealer:  CONTACT PAGE


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Water Report double-speak

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April 17  |  Case Studies, Latest News, Reports, Tests, safe drinking water  |   Webmaster

Water test reports leave homeowners in need of a translator

By Laura Legere (Staff Writer)  

Published: April 16, 2012
 

In a recent study by Penn State University researchers about Marcellus Shale drilling and rural water supplies, 75 percent of homeowners surveyed said their water test reports were either somewhat or very difficult to understand.

The tools provided by laboratories to help residents interpret their water tests range from very thorough to none at all.

 

Read more: http://thetimes-tribune.com/news/gas-drilling/water-test-reports-leave-homeowners-in-need-of-a-translator-1.1300620#ixzz1sEoWybxf

 

Contact the writer: llegere@timesshamrock.com

FDA ruling on Antibiotics in Feed

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April 15  |  antibiotics, Case Studies, Dairy, Farm, Latest News, Livestock, Pork, Poultry, Research  |   Webmaster

We have posted several articles about concerns of the over-use of antibiotic additives in feed for various farm operations.  This past week the FDA finally weighed in with a decision to hava a “voluntary ban” on this practice, while gathering information, comments, and results from operators, consumers, and the differing factions of the medical and scientific communities.  

There have been many differing views on this subject, but this FDA ruling seems to be seeking the middle ground.  We will continue  to follow developments on this story.  In the meantime, here are some links from different sources:

http://nationalhogfarmer.com/

http://beefmagazine.com/

http://www.latimes.com/

http://articles.latimes.com/

www.fda.gov/AnimalVeterinary/GuidanceComplianceEnforcement/

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/11/animal-antibiotics

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/244022.php

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The Importance of Water on Health

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October 26  |  Case Studies, Latest News, Newsletters, Nutrition, Research, safe drinking water  |   Webmaster

THE IMPORTANCE OF WATER FOR HUMAN HEALTH

“I’m dying of thirst!”

Well, you just might. It sounds so simple. H20. Two parts hydrogen, one part oxygen. But this substance better known as water, is the most essential element, next to air, to our survival. Water truly is everywhere, still most take it for granted.

Water makes up more than two thirds of the weight of the human body, and without it, we would die in a few days. The human brain is made up of 95% water, blood is 82% and lungs 90%. A mere 2% drop in our body’s water supply can trigger signs of dehydration: fuzzy short-term memory, trouble with basic math, and difficulty focusing on smaller print, such as a computer screen. (Are you having trouble reading this? Drink up!) Mild dehydration is also one of the most common causes of daytime fatigue. An estimated seventy-five percent of Americans have mild, chronic dehydration. That’s a pretty scary statistic for a developed country, where water is readily available through the tap or bottle.

Water is important to the mechanics of the human body. The body cannot work without it, just as a car cannot run without gas and oil. In fact, all the cell and organ functions made up in our entire anatomy and physiology depend on water for their functioning.

  • Water serves as a lubricant
  • Water forms the base for saliva
  • Water forms the fluids that surround the joints.
  • Water regulates the body temperature, as the cooling and heating is distributed through perspiration.
  • Water helps to alleviate constipation by moving food through the intestinal tract and thereby eliminating waste- the best detox agent.
  • Regulates metabolism

Importance of Water for Health

In addition to the daily maintenance of our bodies, water also plays a key role in the prevention of disease. Drinking eight glasses of water daily can decrease the risk of colon cancer by 45%, bladder cancer by 50% and it can potentially even reduce the risk of breast cancer. And those are just a few examples! As you follow other links on our website, you can read more in depth about how water can aid in the prevention and cure of many types of diseases, ailments and disorders that affect the many systems of our bodies.

Since water is such an important component to our physiology, it would make sense that the quality of the water should be just as important as the quantity. Drinking water should always be clean and free of contaminants to ensure proper health and wellness.


HEALTH RISKS OF HEAVY METALS

Like heavy metal? Think again.

We are not talking Ozzy Osbourne here, but in fact heavy metals that can be very harmful to your health if found in your drinking water.

Severe effects include reduced growth and development, cancer, organ damage, nervous system damage, and in extreme cases, death. Exposure to some metals, such as mercury and lead, may also cause development of autoimmunity, in which a person’s immune system attacks its own cells. This can lead to joint diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, and diseases of the kidneys, circulatory system, and nervous system.

The young are more prone to the toxic effects of heavy metals, as the rapidly developing body systems in the fetus, infants and young children are far more sensitive. Childhood exposure to some metals can result in learning difficulties, memory impairment, damage to the nervous system, and behavioural problems such as aggressiveness and hyperactivity. At higher doses, heavy metals can cause irreversible brain damage. Children may receive higher doses of metals from food than adults, since they consume more food for their body weight than adults.

WHERE DO THEY COME FROM?

Toxic metals can be present in industrial, municipal, and urban runoff, which can be harmful to humans and aquatic life. Increased urbanization and industrialization are to blame for an increased level of trace metals, especially heavy metals, in our waterways. There are over 50 elements that can be classified as heavy metals, 17 of which are considered to be both very toxic and relatively accessible. Toxicity levels depend on the type of metal, it’s biological role, and the type of organisms that are exposed to it.

The heavy metals linked most often to human poisoning are lead, mercury, arsenic and cadmium. Other heavy metals, including copper, zinc, and chromium, are actually required by the body in small amounts, but can also be toxic in larger doses.

Heavy metals in the environment are caused by air emissions from coal-burning plants, smelters, and other industrial facilities; waste incinerators; process wastes from mining and industry; and lead in household plumbing and old house paints. Industry is not totally to blame, as heavy metals can sometimes enter the environment through natural processes. For example, in some parts of the U.S., naturally occurring geologic deposits of arsenic can dissolve into groundwater, potentially resulting in unsafe levels of this heavy metal in drinking water supplies in the area. Once released to the environment, metals can remain for decades or centuries, increasing the likelihood of human exposure.

In addition to drinking water, we can be exposed to heavy metals through inhalation of air pollutants, exposure to contaminated soils or industrial waste, or consumption of contaminated food. Because of contaminated water, food sources such as vegetables, grains, fruits, fish and shellfish can also become contaminated by accumulating metals from the very soil and water it grows from.


Difference between Organic and Inorganic Minerals

We hear day in and day out that we need more minerals. “Vitamins and minerals” are words that go hand in hand when promotion healthy diet items and supplements. In fact, the body needs about 70 different minerals to carry out all the functions a body is required to do. But many may not realize there are two types of minerals: organic and inorganic. Between those two types, it may be easy to recognize which one does a body good. Ever hear people tout the benefits of an inorganic diet?

Here is a brief overview of the differences between these two:

Organic minerals– these are once living, or are living and can bring life to cells. These contain carbon, and their electrons spin clockwise, just like those of the human body. Additionally, these cells can form an ionic bond with the body and can easily break down into materials to help with bodily function, such as tissue repair.

Inorganic materials– these were never living, without carbon and cannot bring life to cells. The body treats these metals like toxins and are tightly held together; they cannot be easily broken down. And, their electrons spin counterclockwise, out of sync with the rest of the body.

Let’s look further at what negative effects inorganic minerals have. Inorganic minerals are removed from water during nature’s water cycle, that is, during evaporation from the sun, only the water itself is removed, with the inorganic chemicals behind. The distillation process is one filtering process that mimics what nature does on its own. So, why are these minerals removed from pure drinking water?

Inorganic minerals are picked up as the water supply runs through the ground. These inorganic, or non-living, minerals cannot be utilized by humans or animals. However, plants can. And, they are the organisms that turn them into the organic minerals we can use through photosynthesis. But, the inorganic minerals that pass into our drinking water cannot help us and can in fact, harm us.

This is because inorganic chemicals cannot absorb as nutrition into the cell walls and thus gets deposited elsewhere into the body. This can cause arthritis, joint pain, kidney and gallstones and even clogged arteries. Lime (calcium carbonate) is one of these minerals. Just think about what that does to your bathtub! Yeah- takes a special cleaner and a lot of elbow grease to scratch the surface of those deposits. (Remember- this is the main ingredient in cement!) In fact, some people suffer from such high concentrations of lime that their hands and fingers can become massively disfigured.

Dr. Norman W. Walker, who wrote a book on this area of water, says that of a person drinks two pints of water a day in a 70-year life span, it will total 4,500 gallons. If it is not distilled, Dr. Walker estimates this water will include 200 to 300 pounds of rock, including lime, magnesium and other mineral deposits that the body cannot use. He does note that much of this will be collected by the body’s water, blood and lymph systems to be eliminated through excretory channels. However, some of will stay in the body, causing those problems mentioned above.

Does your water contain these inorganic minerals? Fill up a pot and let it evaporate. As note above, the water cycle only takes the hydrogen and oxygen from the liquid and leaves behind what else is left. If you’ve got mineral deposits in your pot, you may want to look into getting only distilled water or getting a reverse osmosis filtration system.


According to recent news and reports, most tap and well water in the U.S. are not safe for drinking due to heavy industrial and environmental pollution. Toxic bacteria, chemicals and heavy metals routinely penetrate and pollute our natural water sources making people sick while exposing them to long term health consequences such as liver damage, cancer and other serious conditions. We have reached the point where all sources of our drinking water, including municipal water systems, wells, lakes, rivers, and even glaciers, contain some level of contamination. Even some brands of bottled water have been found to contain high levels of contaminants in addition to plastics chemical leaching from the bottle.

WATER AND PETS

You’ve seen it; even probably done it. Drinking bottled water, or filtered water from the refrigerator while your cat, dog or other pet’s water bowl is filled from that, ugh, tap. Why should our furry (or scaly) companions drink lower quality water than us?

We all know that public water systems can contain certain levels of bacteria. But we knew that- that’s why we are drinking the “safe” water. Still, many continue to feed fill pet bowls with tap water. Animals, like humans, need water to survive. And, like humans, animals are about 80% water. So, most animal experts will agree that pets should be given the same quality water as humans: bottled and/or filtered. As stated earlier, municipal and well water can contain many harmful things, even parasites. And, they don’t discriminate between pets and people!

One of these parasites is Giardia, a single-celled organism that ends up living in the mucous lining of the intestines. This parasite can cause diarrhea in animals as well as humans. If a puppy or kitten is suffering malnutrition, the effects of Giardia can be worse. Treatment in the form of antiprozoal drugs can be administered to infected animals.

There are also things in water that can cause cancer- just like in humans. (Fluoride, for one.) Giving a pet filtered water will remove a potentially sickness-causing organism or metal from being ingested.

Cats and dogs, the two most common pets, need fresh water and plenty of it. On a side note, cats are very finicky about their water; they like it fresh. The longer the water sits out, the more oxygen it loses.

Fish, who live in water, can be greatly affected by water with high levels of chlorine or ammonia; chemical used in some treatment plants. A certain pH value is needed in tank water for fish to have a proper living environment. Also, poor quality water can be more prone to ‘bad’ algae. Check with your aquarium retailer for specifics.

For amphibians and more “wet” pets, they do not drink water, bit absorb it. Frogs, salamanders and others in this category need water to absorb through their skin and the higher that quality, the longer they will live. If one finds a tadpole and wants to keep it as a pet, it is best to not use tap water; they are very sensitive to water quality.

One more note of interest. It doesn’t really matter what type of water is used in a pet’s bowl if the bowl is not cleaned frequently. Bacteria can grow from mold in the air in your pet’s bowl. (That’s what those growths are!) So, clean the bowl often and keep it filled with fresh, filtered water. Additionally, drinking more water can also reduce urinary tract disorders in cats and dogs.

With water being a crucial part of a pet’s health, it is no wonder that many pet supply manufacturers offer water fountains, water filters, special bowls, special dispensers and more. When it comes down to it though, a normal stainless steel or glass bowl filled with water from a home-filtration system works well.

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